List of 75 Ramsar Sites in India PDF

Dear Readers, Here I provide all the List of 75 Ramsar Sites in India PDF with their State/UT , Designated year, and Area in square kilo meter which is the most important General Knowledge in SSC, Railway NTPC, Group-D, Banking, State PSU etc.

Ramsar Site

Ramsar site is a wetland site designated to be of international importance under the Ramsar Convention, also known as “The Convention on Wetlands”, an intergovernmental environmental treaty established in 1971 by UNESCO, which came into force in 1975.

 It provides for national action and international cooperation regarding the conservation of wetlands, and use of their resources.

75 Ramsar Sites in India 2022

75 Ramsar Sites in India in 75th Year of Independence 2022. India adds 11 new wetlands to the list of Ramsar Sites with a total area of 13,26,677 hectares.

The new 11 sites includes :-4 sites in Tamil Nadu,3 in Odisha, 2 in Jammu and Kashmir,and 1 each in Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra

  • In year 2022, 28 sites have been designated as Ramsar sites. Based on the designation date shown on the Ramsar Certificate, the number is 19 for this year 2022 and 14 for the year 2021.
  • As of Aug 2022, The state of Tamil Nadu has the most Ramsar sites in India i.e 14, followed by the state of Uttar Pradesh with 10 sites.
  • Goa, Karnataka and Mizoram got there First Ramsar Sites, this year.

75 Ramsar Sites in India Declared by/Added on

  • As of 9 December 2021, there were 47 Ramsar wetlands in India.
  • On 2 February 2022, India addstwo more Ramsar sites upscaling the number from 47 to 49.
  • On 26 July 2022, India added 5 more Ramsar sites to its existing list.
  • On 3 August 2022, India added 10 more Ramsar sites to its existing list.
  • On August 13, marking the 75th year of independence, India added 11 more Ramsar wetland sites to its existing list.

On August 13, marking the 75th year of independence, India added 11 more Ramsar wetland sites to its existing list.

SI. No

Name of wetland

State

1.       

Tampara Lake

Odisha

2.       

Hirakud Reservoir

Odisha

3.       

Ansupa Lake

Odisha

4.       

Yashwant Sagar

Madhya Pradesh

5.       

Chitrangudi Bird Sanctuary

Tamil Nadu

6.       

Suchindram Theroor Wetland Complex

Tamil Nadu

7.       

Vaduvur Bird Sanctuary

Tamil Nadu

8.       

Kanjirankulam Bird Sanctuary

Tamil Nadu

9.       

Thane Creek

Maharashtra

10.   

Hygam Wetland Conservation Reserve

Jammu and Kashmir

11.   

Shallbugh Wetland Conservation Reserve

Jammu and Kashmir

On 3 August 2022, India added 10 more Ramsar sites.

Name

State

Added on Date

Koothankulam Bird Sanctuary

Tamil Nadu

3 August 2022

Gulf of Mannar Marine Biosphere Reserve

Tamil Nadu

3 August 2022

Vembannur Wetland Complex

Tamil Nadu

3 August 2022

Vellode Bird Sanctuary

Tamil Nadu

3 August 2022

Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary

Tamil Nadu

3 August 2022

Udhayamarthandapuram Bird Sanctuary

Tamil Nadu

3 August 2022

Satkosia Gorge

Odisha

3 August 2022

Nanda Lake

Goa

3 August 2022

Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary

Karnataka

3 August 2022

Sirpur Wetland

Madhya Pradesh

3 August 2022

 On 26 July 2022, 5 new Indian sites were added to the List of Ramsar sites, or wetlands.

Name

State

Added on Date

Karikili Bird Sanctuary

Tamil Nadu

26 July 2022

Pallikaranai Marsh Reserve Forest

Tamil Nadu

26 July 2022

Pichavaram Mangrove

Tamil Nadu

26 July 2022

Sakhya Sagar

Madhya Pradesh

26 July 2022

Pala Wetlands

Mizoram

26 July 2022

On 2nd February 2022 designated 2 new sites on Wetlands in The Ramsar Convention.

Name

State

Added on Date

Khijadia Bird Sanctuary near Jamnagar

Gujarat

2nd February 2022 

Bakhira Wildlife Sanctuary

Uttar Pradesh

 2nd February 2022 

Facts about Ramsar Sites in India:

  • There are 75 Ramsar sites in India as on August 2022.
  • The theme of World Wetlands Day (2 February 2022) is “The Role of Wetlands for People and Nature,” emphasising the need for conservation and sustainable use of wetlands for human and environmental health.
  • As of April 2022, there are 2,437 Ramsar sites around the world, protecting 254,691,993 hectares (629,357,620 acres), and 171 national governments are participating.
  • In India the surface-area covered by Ramsar Sites are around 1,083,322 hectares
  • Tamil Nadu has the most Ramsar sites in India i.e 14 site , followed by the state of Uttar Pradesh with 10 sites.
  • Khijadia Wildlife Sanctuary in Gujarat and Bakhira Wildlife Sanctuary in Uttar Pradesh were announced as Ramsar sites on 2nd January 2022 and declared on World Wetlands Day (2 February 2022).
  • Sundarbans of West Bengal with 4230 square kilometers is the largest Ramsar Site in India.
  • Renuka Wetland (0.2 sq. km) of Himachal Pradesh is the smallest Ramsar Site in India.
  • Chilika Lakewas designated the first Indian wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention in 1981.

Ramsar Sites in India

Year wise 75 Ramsar Sites in India 

Site

State/UT

Date of Designation

Area (km2)

Chilika Lake

Odisha

1 October 1981

1165

Keoladeo National Park

Rajasthan

1 October 1981

28.73

Harike Wetland

Punjab

23 March 1990

41

Loktak Lake

Manipur

23 March 1990

266

Sambhar Lake

Rajasthan

23 March 1990

240

Wular Lake

Jammu and Kashmir

23 March 1990

189

Ashtamudi Wetland

Kerala

19 August 2002

614

Bhitarkanika Mangroves

Odisha

19 August 2002

650

Bhoj Wetland

Madhya Pradesh

19 August 2002

32

Deepor Beel

Assam

19 August 2002

40

East Kolkata Wetlands

West Bengal

19 August 2002

125

Kanjli Wetland

Punjab

22 January 2002

1.83

Kolleru Lake

Andhra Pradesh

19 August 2002

901

Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary

Tamil Nadu

19 August 2002

385

Pong Dam Lake

Himachal Pradesh

19 August 2002

156.62

Ropar Wetland

Punjab

22 January 2002

13.65

Sasthamkotta Lake

Kerala

19 August 2002

3.73

Tsomoriri

Ladakh

19 August 2002

120

Vembanad-Kol Wetland

Kerala

19 August 2002

1512.5

Chandra Taal

Himachal Pradesh

8 November 2005

0.49

Hokera Wetland

Jammu and Kashmir

8 November 2005

13.75

Renuka Lake

Himachal Pradesh

8 November 2005

0.2

Rudrasagar Lake

Tripura

8 November 2005

2.4

Surinsar-Mansar Lakes

Jammu and Kashmir

8 November 2005

3.5

Upper Ganga River (Brijghat to Narora Stretch)

Uttar Pradesh

8 November 2005

265.9

Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary

Gujarat

24 September 2012

123

Sundarban Wetland

West Bengal

1 February 2019

4230

Nandur Madhameshwar

Maharashtra

21 June 2019

14

Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary

Uttar Pradesh

19 September 2019

2

Sarsai Nawar Jheel

Uttar Pradesh

19 September 2019

2

Keshopur-Miani Community Reserve

Punjab

26 September 2019

34

Beas Conservation Reserve

Punjab

26 September 2019

64

Nangal Wildlife Sanctuary

Punjab

26 September 2019

1

Sandi Bird Sanctuary

Uttar Pradesh

26 September 2019

3

Samaspur Bird Sanctuary

Uttar Pradesh

3 October 2019

8

Parvati Arga Bird Sanctuary

Uttar Pradesh

2 December 2019

7

Saman Bird Sanctuary

Uttar Pradesh

2 December 2019

5

Asan Barrage

Uttarakhand

21 July 2020

4.44 stretch

Kanwar Taal or Kabar Taal Lake

Bihar

21 July 2020

26.2

Sur Sarovar

Uttar Pradesh

13 November 2020

4.31

Lonar Lake

Maharashtra

13 November 2020

4.27

Tso Kar Wetland

Ladakh

17 November 2020

95.77

Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary

Haryana

25 May 2021

4.11

Haiderpur Wetland

Uttar Pradesh

25 December 2021

142.5

Sultanpur National Park

Haryana

25 May 2021

142.5

Thol Lake

Gujarat

05 April 2021

6.99

Wadhvana Wetland

Gujarat

05 April 2021

10.38

Bakhira Sanctuary

Uttar Pradesh

2 February 2022

29.00

Khijadiya Bird Sanctuary

Gujarat

2 February 2022

6.05

Karikili Bird Sanctuary

Tamil Nadu

26 July 2022

0.61

Pallikaranai Marsh Reserve Forest

Tamil Nadu

26 July 2022

80

Pichavaram Mangrove Forest

Tamil Nadu

26 July 2022

11

Pala Wetland

Mizoram

26 July 2022

18.5

Sakhya Sagar

Madhya Pradesh

26 July 2022

 

Koonthankulam Bird Sanctuary

Tamil Nadu

4th Aug 2022

72.04

Satkosia Gorge

Odisha

4th Aug 2022

98196.72

Nanda Lake

Goa

4th Aug 2022

42.01

Gulf of Mannar Marine Biosphere Reserve

Tamil Nadu

4th Aug 2022

52671.88

Ranganathituu BS

Karnataka

4th Aug 2022

517.70

Vembannur Wetland Complex

Tamil Nadu

4th Aug 2022

19.75

Vellode Bird Sanctuary

Tamil Nadu

4th Aug 2022

77.19

Sirpur wetland

Madhya Pradesh 

4th Aug 2022

161

Udhayamarthandapuram Bird Sanctuary

Tamil Nadu

4th Aug 2022

0.44

Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary

Tamil Nadu

4th Aug 2022

0.40

Tampara Lake

Odisha

13th August 2022

Hirakud Reservoir

Odisha

13th August 2022

Ansupa Lake

Odisha

13th August 2022

Yashwant Sagar

Madhya Pradesh

13th August 2022

Chitrangudi Bird Sanctuary

Tamil Nadu

13th August 2022

Suchindram Theroor Wetland Complex

Tamil Nadu

13th August 2022

Vaduvur Bird Sanctuary

Tamil Nadu

13th August 2022

Kanjirankulam Bird Sanctuary

Tamil Nadu

13th August 2022

Thane Creek

Maharashtra

13th August 2022

Hygam Wetland Conservation Reserve

Jammu and Kashmir

13th August 2022

Shallbugh Wetland Conservation Reserve

Jammu and Kashmir

13th August 2022

Download PDF Ramsar sites in India

Other Important GK & Current Affairs Topic are:

Ramsar sites in India: FAQs

Q. How many Ramsar Sites are there in India?

Ans- There are 75 Ramsar Sites in India.

Q. What are the 2 new Ramsar sites in India?

Ans- Khijadia Wildlife Sanctuary in Gujarat and Bakhira Wildlife Sanctuary in Uttar Pradesh were announced as Ramsar sites on 2nd January 2022.

Q. Which is the largest Ramsar Site in India?

Ans- Sundarbans of West Bengal is the largest Ramsar Site in India.

Q. Which is the smallest Ramsar Site in India?

Ans- Renuka Wetland (0.2 sq. km) of Himachal Pradesh is the smallest Ramsar Site in India.

Q. Which is the first Ramsar Site in India?/Which is the first Ramsar Site?

Ans- Chilika Lake was designated the first Indian wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention in 1981.

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I am Arati Nayak. I like to share knowledge for students and Aspirants to make everything easy, clear, and unique.

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