Biosphere Reserves in India

Dear Readers, Here I Provide all list of Biosphere Reserves in India details with established year, states, Area in Kilometers, and animals in Biosphere Reserves etc. Also List of Biosphere Reserves in India under World Biosphere Reserves.

It is one of the important General Knowledge for all competitive examination like Railway NTPC, Group-D, SSC, Banking, State PSU etc.

Other important GK topics for the competitive exam are :

Biosphere Reserves in India:  Biosphere  Reserve program was launched by UNESCO in 1971 under the aegis of its Man and Biosphere  (MAB) program to provide a global network of protected areas for conserving natural communities.

Here protection is granted to the flora, fauna of the protected region and also to the Human community who inhabits these Regions.

The purpose of the Biosphere  Reserve is the conservation of biological diversity in various ecosystems.

There are 18 Biosphere Reserves set up in India which protects larger areas of Natural Habitat (National park or Sanctuary) and along buffer zones that are open to some economic uses.

Zones in Biosphere Reserve

Biosphere reserves have 3 interrelated zones that aim to fulfill three complementary and mutually reinforcing functions:

The core area is a strictly protected ecosystem that contributes to the conservation of landscapes, ecosystems, species and genetic variation.

The buffer zone surrounds or adjoins the core areas. This zone may be used for agricultural land, forests, fisheries or ranchland to enhance the overall quality of production. Also may be used for experimental research.

 

The transition area is the large outer area of a reserve where people live and work and the greatest activity is allowed. The local communities, conservation agencies, scientists, civil associations, cultural groups, businesses, and other stakeholders agree to work together to manage and use the area in a sustainable way that will benefit the people who live there.

 

In India first Biosphere  Reserve is Nilgiri (TamilNadu, Kerala, Karnataka) came beginning in 1986.  Dibru-Saikhowa in Assam is the smallest and Great Ran of Kutch in Gujarat is the largest Biosphere  Reserve in India.

 

List of Biosphere Reserves in India:

SI NO. Name Year State Key fauna Area(Km2)
1 Nilgiri (first) 1986 Tamil Nadu,

 

Kerala, Karnataka

Nilgiri Tahr, Macaque 5520
2 Nanda Devi 1988 Uttarakhand Himalayan Musk deer, tahr, snow leopard 5860
3 Nokrek 1988 Meghalaya Red panda 820
4 Great Nicobar 1989 Andaman & Nicobar Saltwater crocodile 885
5 Gulf Of Manner 1989 Tamil Nadu Dugong or sea cow 10500
6 Manas 1989 Assam Golden Langur, Red panda 2837
7 Sundarban 1989 West Bengal Royal Bengal Tiger 9630
8 Similipal 1994 Odisha Gaur, Royal Bengal Tiger, wild elephant 4374
9 Dibru Saikhowa(smallest) 1997 Assam Golden Langur 765
10 Dihang Dibang 1998 Arunachal Pradesh Red panda, Asiatic black deer 5112
11 Panchmarhi 1999 Madhyapradesh Giant Squirrel, Flying Squirrel 4981.72
12 Kangchendzonga 2000 Sikkim Red panda, Snow Leopard 2620
13 Agasthyamalai 2001 TamilNadu, Kerala Nilgiri Tahr, Elephant 3500.08
14 Achanakamar-Amarkantak 2005 MP, Chhatisgarh Chitals, Sambars, Black Buck 3835
15 Ran of Kutch 2008 Gujarat Wild Ass 12454
16 Cold Desert 2009 Himachal Pradesh, J &K Snow Leopard 7770
17 Seshachalan Hills 2010 Andhra  Pradesh Slender Loris 4755.997
18 Panna 2011 Madhya Pradesh Tiger 542.7

List of Biosphere Reserves in India under World Biosphere Reserves

Out of the eighteen(18) biosphere reserves in India Twelve (12) are a part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves, based on the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme list.

 

SI.No. Biosphere Name States/ UT Year
1 Nilgiri Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Karnataka 2000
2 Gulf of Mannar Tamil Nadu 2001
3 Sundarbans  West Bengal 2001
4 Nanda Devi Uttarakhand 2004
5 Nokrek Meghalaya 2009
6 Pachmarhi Madhya Pradesh 2009
7 Simlipal Odisha 2009
8 Great Nicobar Andaman & Nicobar Islands 2013
9 Achanakmar-Amarkantak Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh 2012
10 Agasthyamalai Kerala and Tamil Nadu 2016
11 Khangchendzonga Sikkim 2018
12 Panna Madhya Pradesh 2020

 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

 Q.Which is the smallest biosphere reserve in India?

Ans-Panna Biosphere Reserve is the smallest biosphere reserve in India covering a total area of about 542 km2.

Q.Which is the first biosphere in India?

Ans-The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve was the first biosphere reserve in India established in the year 1986.

Q. Which country has the highest Biosphere Reserve?

Ans- Spain country has the highest number of biosphere reserves in the world.

Q. Which is the latest biosphere reserve in India?

Ans- Panna National Park (Tiger Reserve )in Madhya Pradesh has been declared a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve in 2020.

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I am Arati Nayak. I like to share knowledge for students and Aspirants to make everything easy, clear, and unique.

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