Biosphere Reserves in India

Dear Readers, Here I Provide all list of Biosphere Reserves in India details with established year, states, Area in Kilometers, and animals in Biosphere Reserves etc. Also List of Biosphere Reserves in India under World Biosphere Reserves.

It is one of the important General Knowledge for all competitive examination like Railway NTPC, Group-D, SSC, Banking, State PSU etc.

Other important GK topics for the competitive exam are :

Biosphere Reserves in India:  Biosphere  Reserve program was launched by UNESCO in 1971 under the aegis of its Man and Biosphere  (MAB) program to provide a global network of protected areas for conserving natural communities.

Here protection is granted to the flora, fauna of the protected region and also to the Human community who inhabits these Regions.

The purpose of the Biosphere  Reserve is the conservation of biological diversity in various ecosystems.

There are 18 Biosphere Reserves set up in India which protects larger areas of Natural Habitat (National park or Sanctuary) and along buffer zones that are open to some economic uses.

Zones in Biosphere Reserve

Biosphere reserves have 3 interrelated zones that aim to fulfill three complementary and mutually reinforcing functions:

The core area is a strictly protected ecosystem that contributes to the conservation of landscapes, ecosystems, species and genetic variation.

The buffer zone surrounds or adjoins the core areas. This zone may be used for agricultural land, forests, fisheries or ranchland to enhance the overall quality of production. Also may be used for experimental research.


The transition area is the large outer area of a reserve where people live and work and the greatest activity is allowed. The local communities, conservation agencies, scientists, civil associations, cultural groups, businesses, and other stakeholders agree to work together to manage and use the area in a sustainable way that will benefit the people who live there.


In India first Biosphere  Reserve is Nilgiri (TamilNadu, Kerala, Karnataka) came beginning in 1986.  Dibru-Saikhowa in Assam is the smallest and Great Ran of Kutch in Gujarat is the largest Biosphere  Reserve in India.


List of Biosphere Reserves in India:

SI NO.NameYearStateKey faunaArea(Km2)
1Nilgiri (first)1986Tamil Nadu,


Kerala, Karnataka

Nilgiri Tahr, Macaque5520
2Nanda Devi1988UttarakhandHimalayan Musk deer, tahr, snow leopard5860
3Nokrek1988MeghalayaRed panda820
4Great Nicobar1989Andaman & NicobarSaltwater crocodile885
5Gulf Of Manner1989Tamil NaduDugong or sea cow10500
6Manas1989AssamGolden Langur, Red panda2837
7Sundarban1989West BengalRoyal Bengal Tiger9630
8Similipal1994OdishaGaur, Royal Bengal Tiger, wild elephant4374
9Dibru Saikhowa(smallest)1997AssamGolden Langur765
10Dihang Dibang1998Arunachal PradeshRed panda, Asiatic black deer5112
11Panchmarhi1999MadhyapradeshGiant Squirrel, Flying Squirrel4981.72
12Kangchendzonga2000SikkimRed panda, Snow Leopard2620
13Agasthyamalai2001TamilNadu, KeralaNilgiri Tahr, Elephant3500.08
14Achanakamar-Amarkantak2005MP, ChhatisgarhChitals, Sambars, Black Buck3835
15Ran of Kutch2008GujaratWild Ass12454
16Cold Desert2009Himachal Pradesh, J &KSnow Leopard7770
17Seshachalan Hills2010Andhra  PradeshSlender Loris4755.997
18Panna2011Madhya PradeshTiger542.7

List of Biosphere Reserves in India under World Biosphere Reserves

Out of the eighteen(18) biosphere reserves in India Twelve (12) are a part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves, based on the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme list.


SI.No.Biosphere NameStates/ UTYear
1NilgiriTamil Nadu, Kerala, and Karnataka2000
2Gulf of MannarTamil Nadu2001
3Sundarbans West Bengal2001
4Nanda DeviUttarakhand2004
6PachmarhiMadhya Pradesh2009
8Great NicobarAndaman & Nicobar Islands2013
9Achanakmar-AmarkantakChhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh2012
10AgasthyamalaiKerala and Tamil Nadu2016
12PannaMadhya Pradesh2020


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

 Q.Which is the smallest biosphere reserve in India?

Ans-Panna Biosphere Reserve is the smallest biosphere reserve in India covering a total area of about 542 km2.

Q.Which is the first biosphere in India?

Ans-The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve was the first biosphere reserve in India established in the year 1986.

Q. Which country has the highest Biosphere Reserve?

Ans- Spain country has the highest number of biosphere reserves in the world.

Q. Which is the latest biosphere reserve in India?

Ans- Panna National Park (Tiger Reserve )in Madhya Pradesh has been declared a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve in 2020.

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I am Arati Nayak. I like to share knowledge for students and Aspirants to make everything easy, clear, and unique.

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