List of 49 Ramsar Sites in India PDF

Dear Readers, Here I provide all the 49 Ramsar Sites in India with their State/UT , Designated year, and Area in square kilo meter which is the most important General Knowledge in SSC, Railway NTPC, Group-D, Banking, State PSU etc.

Ramsar Site

Ramsar site is a wetland site designated to be of international importance under the Ramsar Convention, also known as “The Convention on Wetlands”, an intergovernmental environmental treaty established in 1971 by UNESCO, which came into force in 1975.

 It provides for national action and international cooperation regarding the conservation of wetlands, and use of their resources.

Facts about Ramsar Sites in India:

  • There are 49 Ramsar sites in India as on February 2022.which are declared on World Wetlands Day (2 February 2022).
  • The theme of World Wetlands Day (2 February 2022) is “The Role of Wetlands for People and Nature,” emphasising the need for conservation and sustainable use of wetlands for human and environmental health.
  • As of April 2022, there are 2,437 Ramsar sites around the world, protecting 254,691,993 hectares (629,357,620 acres), and 171 national governments are participating.
  • In India the surface-area covered by Ramsar Sites are around 1,083,322 hectares
  • Uttar Pradesh with 10 Ramsar sites is the state with highest number of Ramsar Sites in India.
  • Khijadia Wildlife Sanctuary in Gujarat and Bakhira Wildlife Sanctuary in Uttar Pradesh were announced as Ramsar sites on 2nd January 2022 and declared on World Wetlands Day (2 February 2022).
  • Sundarbans of West Bengal with 4230 square kilometers is the largest Ramsar Site in India.
  • Renuka Wetland (0.2 sq. km) of Himachal Pradesh is the smallest Ramsar Site in India.
  • Chilika Lakewas designated the first Indian wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention in 1981.

Ramsar Sites in India

Year wise list of 49 Ramsar Sites in India 

Site State/UT Designated year Area (km2)
Chilika Lake Odisha 1 October 1981 1165
Keoladeo National Park Rajasthan 1 October 1981 28.73
Harike Wetland Punjab 23 March 1990 41
Loktak Lake Manipur 23 March 1990 266
Sambhar Lake Rajasthan 23 March 1990 240
Wular Lake Jammu and Kashmir 23 March 1990 189
Ashtamudi Wetland Kerala 19 August 2002 614
Bhitarkanika Mangroves Odisha 19 August 2002 650
Bhoj Wetland Madhya Pradesh 19 August 2002 32
Deepor Beel Assam 19 August 2002 40
East Kolkata Wetlands West Bengal 19 August 2002 125
Kanjli Wetland Punjab 22 January 2002 1.83
Kolleru Lake Andhra Pradesh 19 August 2002 901
Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary Tamil Nadu 19 August 2002 385
Pong Dam Lake Himachal Pradesh 19 August 2002 156.62
Ropar Wetland Punjab 22 January 2002 13.65
Sasthamkotta Lake Kerala 19 August 2002 3.73
Tsomoriri Ladakh 19 August 2002 120
Vembanad-Kol Wetland Kerala 19 August 2002 1512.5
Chandra Taal Himachal Pradesh 8 November 2005 0.49
Hokera Wetland Jammu and Kashmir 8 November 2005 13.75
Renuka Lake Himachal Pradesh 8 November 2005 0.2
Rudrasagar Lake Tripura 8 November 2005 2.4
Surinsar-Mansar Lakes Jammu and Kashmir 8 November 2005 3.5
Upper Ganga River (Brijghat to Narora Stretch) Uttar Pradesh 8 November 2005 265.9
Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary Gujarat 24 September 2012 123
Sundarban Wetland West Bengal 1 February 2019 4230
Nandur Madhameshwar Maharashtra 21 June 2019 14
Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh 19 September 2019 2
Sarsai Nawar Jheel Uttar Pradesh 19 September 2019 2
Keshopur-Miani Community Reserve Punjab 26 September 2019 34
Beas Conservation Reserve Punjab 26 September 2019 64
Nangal Wildlife Sanctuary Punjab 26 September 2019 1
Sandi Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh 26 September 2019 3
Samaspur Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh 3 October 2019 8
Parvati Arga Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh 2 December 2019 7
Saman Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh 2 December 2019 5
Asan Barrage Uttarakhand 21 July 2020 4.44 stretch
Kanwar Taal or Kabar Taal Lake Bihar 21 July 2020 26.2
Sur Sarovar Uttar Pradesh 13 November 2020 4.31
Lonar Lake Maharashtra 13 November 2020 4.27
Tso Kar Wetland Ladakh 17 November 2020 95.77
Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary Haryana 25 May 2021 4.11
Haiderpur Wetland Uttar Pradesh 25 December 2021 142.5
Sultanpur National Park Haryana 25 May 2021 142.5
Thol Lake Gujarat 05 April 2021 6.99
Wadhvana Wetland Gujarat 05 April 2021 10.38
Bakhira Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh 2 February 2022 29.00
Khijadiya Bird Sanctuary Gujarat 2 February 2022 6.05

Download PDF Ramsar sites in India

Other Important GK & Current Affairs Topic are:

Ramsar sites in India: FAQs

Q. How many Ramsar Sites are there in India?

Ans- There are 49 Ramsar Sites in India.

Q. What are the 2 new Ramsar sites in India?

Ans- Khijadia Wildlife Sanctuary in Gujarat and Bakhira Wildlife Sanctuary in Uttar Pradesh were announced as Ramsar sites on 2nd January 2022.

Q. Which is the largest Ramsar Site in India?

Ans- Sundarbans of West Bengal is the largest Ramsar Site in India.

Q. Which is the smallest Ramsar Site in India?

Ans- Renuka Wetland (0.2 sq. km) of Himachal Pradesh is the smallest Ramsar Site in India.

Q. Which is the first Ramsar Site in India?/Which is the first Ramsar Site?

Ans- Chilika Lake was designated the first Indian wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention in 1981.

How useful was this post?

Click on a star to rate it!

Average rating 5 / 5. Vote count: 4

No votes so far! Be the first to rate this post.

I am Arati Nayak. I like to share knowledge for students and Aspirants to make everything easy, clear, and unique.

Leave a Comment

Copy link
Powered by Social Snap