Name of the cyclone in World

The name of the cyclone in the world is given by the Member countries of different Meteorological departments and Organization all over the world. The naming of Tropical cyclones in the Indian Ocean region given by 8 pannel member countries  (India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Maldives, Myanmar, Oman, and Thailand).

Cyclones:

A cyclone is a rotating of winds anti-clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere around a low-pressure center area seas and oceans. The air rises over and cools, creating clouds and precipitation.

The winds of this are blows in a circular manner in the anticlockwise direction in the Northern hemisphere and clockwise direction in the Southern hemisphere.

On the other hand, in tropical regions, they occur due to intense heating up of air in some regions causing very low pressure in these locations. Tropical seas and oceans are most conducive to the development of Tropical Cyclones.

Low pressure and atmospheric instability turn to cyclone if the temperature of water at the sea level rises above 26.5 degrees Centigrade and there is the high relative humidity of the atmosphere at a height of more than 700 m.

The low-pressure areas, the pressure of air increasing outward, and closed air circulation from outside towards the central low pressure in such a way that air blows inward in the anticlockwise direction in the Northern hemisphere and in the clockwise direction in the Southern hemisphere.

Eye of the cyclone:

The eye of the cyclone lies in the center of the cyclone. It has abnormally high temperatures and the lowest pressure. The general direction of cyclones in the Bay of Bengal is from east to west.

Cyclones are mainly of two types-

  1. Tropical Cyclone
  2. Temperate Cyclone

1.Tropical cyclone:

  • They are found in the trade wind belt, between 8-20 degrees North and South.
  • It travels from East to West in the Easterly wind belt.
  • Tropical cyclones are much smaller with a diameter of about 200 to 500 km.
  • Tropical cyclones are non-frontal in nature.
  • It is formed only over the oceans.
  • A tropical cyclone can form only in the summer.

2.Temperate Cyclone:

  • Normally found between 30 to 65 degrees North and South in the subpolar frontal zone, where cold polar air mass meets the warm tropical air mass.
  • It moves from West to East embedded in the Westerly wind belt.
  • They form over a much large area with a diameter of 300 to 1500 km.
  • Temperate cyclones are frontal in nature.
  • They can form both in summer as well as in winter.
  • It is formed either over continents or over the oceans.

 

All names of the cyclone are given below in Table.

 Name of the cyclone in different Countries:

Cyclone

Region

Cyclone

in the Indian Ocean

Hurricanes

North Atlantic

Hurricanes

in the Caribbean Islands

Hurricanes

Eastern and Central North Pacific

Typhoons

Western Northern Pacific

Typhoons

in the China Sea

Willy Willy

in northwest Australia

Tornadoes

in the coastal US

Twisters

in Mississippi vally, USA

List of the name of cyclones in the world

Northern Hemisphere

Area

Named by

North Atlantic Eastern Pacific

United States National Hurricane Center

United States Central Pacific Hurricane Center.

Western Pacific

Japan Meteorological Agency

North Indian Ocean

India Meteorological Department

Southern Hemisphere:

Area

Named by

South-West Indian Ocean

Meteo France Reunion

Australian region

Indonesian Agency for Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics (BMKG),

Papua New Guinea National Weather Service,

Australian Bureau of Meteorology

Southern Pacific

Fiji Meteorological Service Meteorological Service of New Zealand

Name of the Tropical cyclone:

Northern Indian Ocean (45°E-100°E) Names – In the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal:

Cyclone rising in the North Indian Ocean is named through the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) is an agency of the Ministry of Earth Sciences of the Government of India and  8 Member countries pannel.

Now 5 countries joined as member panel. The headquarters of IMD in Delhi and Regional offices are at Mumbai, Kolkata, Nagpur, and Pune.

The naming of the tropical cyclones over the north Indian Ocean commenced from September 2004, with names provided by eight Members (India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Maldives, Myanmar, Oman, and Thailand).

Since 2004 on the initiative of India started the process of giving the name to cyclonic storms in the Indian Ocean region by 8 countries (India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Maldives, Myanmar, Oman, and Thailand).

Now 5 countries joined as member pannel. From 2020 after Amphan cyclone, names are provided by Thirteen (13) Countries. These are Bangladesh, India, Iran, Maldives,Myanmar, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, Thailand, U.A.E., and Yemen

List of Name of the cyclone in Northern Indian Ocean (From 2004–2020):

 

 

SI No

 

Contributing Countries

Bangladeh

India

Maldives

Myanmar           

Oman

Pakistan           

Sri Lanka

Thailand

1

Onil

Agni

Hibaru

Pyarr

Baaz

Fanoos

Mala

Mukda

2

Ogni

Akash

Gonu

Yemyin

Sidr

Nargis

Rashmi

Khai Muk

3

Nisha

Bijli

Aila

Phyan

Ward

Laila

Bandu

Phet

4

Giri

Jal

Keila

Thane

Murjan

Nilam

Viyaru

Phailin

5

Helen

Lehar

Madi

Nanauk

Hudhud

Nilofar

Ashobaa

Komen

6

Chapala

Megh

Roanu

Kyant

Nada

Vardah

Maarutha

Mora

7

Ockhi

Sagar

Mekunu

Daye

Luban

Titli

Gaja

Phethai

8

Fani

Vayu

Hikaa

Kyarr

Maha

Bulbul

Pawan

Amphan

List of Name of the cyclone in Northern Indian Ocean (Effective from 2020)

The naming of the cyclones over the north Indian Ocean given by 13 countries from 2020 after Amphan starting with Nisarga, then Gati, Nivar, etc

SI No

 

Contributing Nation

 

Bangladesh

India

Iran

Maldives

Myanmar

Oman

Pakistan

Qatar

Saudi Arabia

Sri Lanka               

Thailand

U.A.E.

Yemen

1

Nisarga

Gati

Nivar

Burevi

Tauktae

Yaas

Gulab

Shaheen

Jawad

Asani

Sitrang

Mandous

Mocha

2

Biparjoy

Tej

Hamoon

Midhili

Michaung

Remal

Asna

Dana

Fengal

Shakhti

Montha

Senyar

Ditwah

3

Arnab   

Murasu

Akvan

Kaani

Ngamann

Sail

Sahab

Lulu

Ghazeer

Gigum

Thianyot

Afoor   

Diksam

4

Upakul

Aag

Sepand

Odi

Kyarthit

Naseem

Afshan

Mouj

Asif

Gagana

Bulan

Nahhaam

Sira

5

Barshon

yom

                Booran               

Kenau  

Sapakyee

Muzn

Manahil

Suhail

Sidrah  

Verambha

Phutala

Quffal

Bakhur

6

Rajani

Jhar

Anahita

Endheri

Wetwun

Sadeem

Shujana

Sadaf    

Hareed

Garjana

Aiyara  

Daaman

Ghwyzi

7

Nishith

Probaho

Azar

Riyau

Mwaihout

Dima

Parwaz

Reem

Faid

Neeba

Saming

Deem   

Hawf

8

Urmi

Neer

Pooyan

Guruva

Kywe

Manjour

Zannata

Rayhan

Kaseer

Ninnada

Kraison

Gargoor

Balhaf

9

Meghala

Prabhanjan

Arsham

Kurangi

Pinku

Rukam

Sarsar

Anbar

Nakheel

Viduli

Matcha

Khubb

Brom

10

Samiron

Ghurni

Hengame

Kuredhi

Yinkaung               

Watad

Badban

Oud

Haboob

Ogha

Mahingsa

Degl

Shuqra

11

Pratikul

Ambud

Savas

Horangu

Linyone

Al jarz

Sarrab

Bahar   

Bareq

Salitha

Phraewa               

Athmad

Fartak

12

Sarobor

Jaladhi

Tahamtan

Thundi

Kyeekan

Rabab

Gulnar

Seef

Alreem

Rivi

Asuri

Boom

Darsah

13

Mahanisha

Vega

Toofan

Faana

Bautphat

Raad

Waseq

Fanar    

Wabil

Rudu

Thara

Saffar

Samhah

FAQ:

Q.How the Cyclones are named? Who gives cyclones names?

Ans-Cyclones are named through the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) by 8 8 pannel member countries  (India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Maldives, Myanmar, Oman, and Thailand).

Q.What is a cyclone?

Ans-A cyclone is a rotating of winds anti-clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere around a low-pressure center area seas and oceans. The swirling air rises and cools, creating clouds and precipitation.

Q.Who gave the name Amphan cyclone?

Ans-The name Amphan cyclone was given by Thailand.

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