Indian National Congress (INC) President List

Indian National Congress (INC) is the most important topic in General Knowledge for all competitive examinations. So here we provide all information about Indian National Congress(INC), its session, and President list, which are helpful to Aspirants for all competitive examination like Railway NTPC, Group-D, Banking, SSC, UPSC, state PSU, etc.

Other important General Knowledge for all competitive examinations are:-

Indian National Congress (INC):

  • Before the birth of congress, a number of the organization were formed but most of them had limited objectives and their influence remained confined to their respective regions.
  • This led to the development of some basic needs and objectives before the leaders. It was said that the Indians needed to be welded together for their political advancements.
  • It was Allan Octavian Hume(an Englishman and a retired civil servant), who embarked on an endeavor to start an organization of select alumni of the University of Calcutta in 1883. By May 1885, he was able to secure the Viceroy’s approval to create an “Indian National Union” which would be affiliated with the Government and act as a platform to voice the opinion of the Indian public.
  • At the time of General Elections in Britain in 1885, A.O. Hume published an ‘Appeal from the People of India to the electors of Great Britain and Ireland. This appeal asked the British voters to support the candidates who were sympathetic to the Indian public opinions.
  • However, there was no substantial result of this appeal. The major issues raised by these people were Concern about spending Indian taxpayer’s money on British Indian campaigns in Afghanistan; Legislative reforms on India for greater participation of the Indian people; and Increased pressure on India by the annexation of Burma.
  • Hume’s main purpose was probably to provide a “safety valve” to the growing discontent among the educated Indians.

 

 About Indian National Congress (INC):

  • The first session of the Indian National Congress(INC) in Bombay at Gokul Das Tejpal Sanskrit College under W.C. Banerjee (with A.O. Hume as General Secretary) in 1885 with 72 delegates attended it.
  • The first meeting was scheduled to be held in Poona, but due to a plague outbreak there, the meeting was shifted to Bombay almost at the eleventh hour.
  • The earlier name Indian National Union, which was suggested by Hume, was changed to Indian National Congress, on the advice of Dadabhai Naoroji (term Congress taken from the history of North America).
  • The National Conference in. 1883, decided to invite prominent public men and associations to discuss questions on the general concern.
  • Indian National Union 1884, by A.O Hume. The National Conference and the Indian National Union merged to form the Indian National Congress in 1885.
  • The first meeting of INC was organized by AO Hume at Gokuldas Tejpal Sanskrit College on 28th December 1885 in Bombay.
  • AO Hume was a retired British Civil Servant. It was presided over by Womesh Chandra Bannerjee and attended by 72 delegates.
  • It was the first organized expression of the Indian National Movement on an all-India scale. In 1886, the number of delegates to Congress became 436.
  • The venue of the first meeting was changed from Pune to Bombay due to the outbreak of cholera in Pune. Kadambini Ganguly was the first woman graduate of Calcutta University to address the Congress Session in 1889.
  • Safety Valve Theory British historians argue that Hume’s main purpose was to 5 provide a safety valve to the growing discontent among the educated Indians.
  • Opposition to Congress By Syed Ahmed Khan, Raja Shiva Prasad of Banaras, and Lord Dufferin (then Viceroy).
  • Indian National Congress (INC) was founded in the year 1885. it was founded by Allan Octavian Hume. The first session of the Indian National Congress was held in Mumbai in 1885.

 Important Points of INC:

  • The Indian National Congress founded by A.O. Hume in 1885.
  • The First woman president of the Indian National Congress was Annie Besant.
  • The first Indian woman who became the president of the Indian National Congress was Sarojini Naidu.
  • The first Muslim President of the Indian National Congress was Badruddin Tyyabji.
  • The president of the Indian National Congress at the time of independence J B Kriplani.
  • Jana Gana Mana (National Anthem) was first sung in the Indian National Congress session at Calcutta in 1911.
  • The first Englishmen to become the president of the Indian National Congress was George Yule.
  • Only one time Mahatma Gandhi became the president of the Indian National Congress.
  • The first session of the Indian National Congress was held at Mumbai in 1885.
  • The youngest president of the Indian National Congress was  Abul Kalam Azad.
  • National Song, Vande Mataram was first sung in the Calcutta session in1896.
  • The only session of the Indian National Congress presided over by Mahatma Gandhi –Belgaum (1924)

 

The list of presidents of the Indian National Congress(INC) are:-

Year Session Place Name of President
1885 1st Bombay Woomesh Chandra Bonnerjee
1886 2nd Calcutta Shri Dadabhai Naoroji
1887 3rd Madras Badruddin Tayyabji
1888 4th Allahabad George Yule
1889 5th Bombay Sir William Wedderburn
1890 6th Calcutta Sir Phirozshah Mehta
1891 7th Nagpur P. Anand Charlu
1892 8th Allahabad W. C. Bonerjee
1893 9th Lahore Shri Dadabhai Naoroji
1894 10th Madras Alfred Webb
1895 11th Poona Surendranath Banerjee
1896 12th Calcutta Rahimtulla M Sayani
1897 13th Amravati Sir C. Sankaran Nair
1898 14th Madras Ananda Mohan Bose
1899 15th Lucknow Romesh Chunder  Dutt
1900 16th Lahore N. G. Chandavarkar
1901 17th Calcutta Dinshaw Eduljee Wacha
1902 18th Ahmedabad Surendranath Banerjee
1903 19th Madras Lal Mohan Ghosh
1904 20th Bombay Sir Henry Cotton
1905 21st Banaras Gopal Krishna Gokhala
1906 22nd Calcutta Shri Dadabhai Naoroji
1907 23rd (suspended) Surat Dr. Rash Behari Ghosh
1908 23rd Madras Dr. Rash Behari Ghosh
1909 24th Lahore Madan Mohan Malaviya
1910 25th Allahabad Sir William Wedderbum
1911 26th Calcutta Bishan Narayan Dhar
1912 27th Patna Rao Bahadur Raghunath Narasinha Mudholkar
1913 28th Karachi Nawab Syed Mohammad Bahadur
1914 29th Madras Bhupendra Nath Bose
1915 30th Bombay Satyendra Prasanna Sinha
1916 31st Lucknow Ambica Charan Mazumdar
1917 32nd Calcutta Mrs. Annie Besant
1918 Special session Bombay Sayed Hassan Imam (Special Session)
1918 33rd Delhi Madan Mohan Malaviya (Annual Session )
1919 34th Amritsar Motilal Nehru
1920 Suspended Calcutta Lala Lajpat Rai
1920 35th Nagpur C. Vijayaraghavachariar
1921 36th Allahabad Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das (In Prison),

Hakim Ajmal Khan (Acting)

1922 37th Gaya Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das
1923 suspended Delhi Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
1923 38th Kakinada Mohammad Ali Jouhar
1924 39th Belgaum Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
1925 40th Kanpur Mrs. Sarojini Naidu
1926 41st Guwahati S. Srinivasa Iyengar
1927 42nd Madras Dr. Mohammad Ali Ansari
1928 43rd Calcutta Motilal Nehru
1929 44th Lahore Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru
1930 —— Lahore No session due to Civil Disobedience Movement
1931 45th Karachi Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
1932 46th Delhi Ranchod Lal Amrit Lal
1933 47th Calcutta Mrs. Nellie Sengupta
1934 48th Bombay Dr. Rajendra Prasad
1935 —– Lucknow Dr. Rajendra Prasad
1936 49th Lucknow Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru
1937 50th Faizpur Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru
1938 51st Haripura Subhash Chandra Bose
1939 52nd Tripura Subhash Chandra Bose (resigned).

Later Rajendra Prasad was appointed.

1940-1946 53th Ramgarh Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad
1946-1947 54th Meerut J. B. Kripalani
1948 55th Jaipur B.Pattabhi Sitaramaiah
1950 56th Nasik Purushotam Das Tandon
1951 57th Delhi Pt Jawaharlal Nehru
1953 58th Hyderabad Pt  Jawaharlal Nehru
1954 59th Kalyan Pt  Jawaharlal Nehru
1955 60th Avadi, Madras Shri U.N. Dhebar
1956 61st Amritsar Shri U.N. Dhebar
1957 62nd Indone Shri U.N. Dhebar
1958 63rd Pragyotishpur, Gauhati Shri U.N. Dhebar
1959 64th Nagpur Shri U.N. Dhebar
1960 65th Bangalore Indira Gandhi
1961 66th Bhavnagar N.Sanjiva Reddy
1962 67th New Delhi N.Sanjiva Reddy
1964 68th Bhubaneshwar Shri. K.Kamaraj
1965 69th Durgapur Shri. K.Kamaraj
1966 70th Jaipur Shri. K.Kamaraj
1968 71st Hyderabad S.Nijalingappa
1969 72nd Faridabad S.Nijalingappa
1969 ———— New Delhi C.Subramaniam
1970 ————– New Delhi Dr. Jagjivan Ram
1971 73rd Bombay Dr. Jagjivan Ram
1972 74th Calcutta Shankar Dayal Sharma
1975 75th Chandigarh D.K. Barooah
1976 ———– New Delhi Brahmananda Reddy
1978 76th New Delhi Indira Gandhi
1983 77th Calcutta Indira Gandhi
1984 ———– New Delhi Rajiv Gandhi
1985 78th Bombay Rajiv Gandhi
1991 —– New Delhi P.V. Narasimha Rao
1992 79th Tirupati (A.P.) P.V. Narasimha Rao
1993 Chintan Shivir Surajkund (Haryana) P.V. Narasimha Rao
1994 Chintan Shivir New Delhi P.V. Narasimha Rao
1995 Chintan Shivir New Delhi Smt. Sonia Gandhi
1997 80th Calcutta Sitaram Kesri
1998 Special session New Delhi Smt.Sonia Gandhi
1998 Chintan Shivir Panchmarhi (M.P.) Smt.Sonia Gandhi
1998 Special Session New Delhi Smt.Sonia Gandhi
2001 81st Bangalore Smt.Sonia Gandhi
2003 Chintan Shivir Shimla (H.P.) Smt.Sonia Gandhi
2004 Special Session New Delhi Smt.Sonia Gandhi
2006 82nd Hyderabad Smt.Sonia Gandhi
2010 83rd planary session New Delhi Smt.Sonia Gandhi
2013 Chintan Shivir Jaipur Smt.Sonia Gandhi
2018 84th

Plenary Session

New Delhi Shri Rahul Gandhi

FAQ on Indian National Congress(INC)

who founded the Indian National Congress (INC)?

Ans-An Englishman and a retired civil servant Allan Octavian Hume founded the Indian National Congress (INC) in 1885.

Q Where was the Indian National Congress first session organized?

Ans- The first session of the Indian National Congress(INC) in Bombay at Gokul Das Tejpal Sanskrit College under W.C. Banerjee with 72 delegates.

Q who was the first president of the Indian National Congress (INC)?

Ans- Woomesh Chandra Bonnerjee was the first president of the Indian National Congress (INC).

Q who was the first female president of the Indian National Congress (INC)?

Ans-  Mrs. Annie Besant was the first president of the Indian National Congress (INC).

 

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I am Arati Nayak. I like to share knowledge for students and Aspirants to make everything easy, clear, and unique.

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