- The Olympic Game is considered to be the world’s foremost sports competition with more than 200 nations participating. The Game is currently held in the Summer and Winter Olympic Games alternating.
- The first time The Olympic Games were held by the Greeks in 776 BC on Mount Olympus, in honor of the Greek God, Zeus.
- They were stopped by a royal order of the Roman Emperor Theodosius in AD 394.
- These games were revived in 1894 by the efforts of French Baron Pierre de Coubertin and the first modern Olympic Games were started in Athens, the capital of Greece on 6th April 1896.
- The separate winter Olympic Games began in 1924.
- The Olympic Games are organized after every four years.
- The International Olympic Committee (IOC) founded in 1894 by Baron Pierre de Coubertin.
- Now During the 20th & 21st centuries have several changes in the Olympic Games are Winter Games for ice & winter sports, the Paralympics Games for athletes with a disability, and the Youth Olympic Games for teenage athletes.
- Over 13,000 athletes compete at the Summer and Winter Olympics in 33 different sports and nearly 400 events.
- The first, second &third place finishers in each event receive Olympic medals: gold, silver, and bronze, respectively.
Founder and Governing Body of Olympic Game
- Baron Pierre de Coubertin founded the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in 1894, to govern the Olympic Movement (comprising International Sports Federations (ISF’s), National Olympic Committees (NOCs), and Organising Committees for each specific game.
- IOC chooses the host city and the games to be contested organizations and funding is made by the host city.
- International Sports Federation (ISF) determines the qualification rules for each Olympic.
- The International Olympic Committee (IOC) Head office is located in Lausanne, Switzerland.
Olympic Game Symbol
- It contains five rings or circles linked together to represent the sporting friendship of all people.
- Each ring is of a different color which symbolizes the five significant continents.
- These ring colors are Blue, Yellow, Black, Green, And Red from left to right.
- The colors were chosen because at least one of them appeared on the flag of every country in the world.
- The rings are meant to represent five continents viz Africa (Black), America (Rad), Asia (Yellow ), Australia (Green), and Europe (Blue).
- The Olympic Flag was created in 1913 at the suggestion of Baron Pierre de Coubertin. It was adopted in Paris in June 1914, but it was raised over an Olympic stadium for the first time at the Antwerp game (Belgium) in 1920.
- The flag is 3m long and 2m wide. In the center, the emblem placed is 2.06 m by 60 cm.
- The flag is made of white silk cloth and contains five inter-wined rings of the Olympic Emblem.
- From left to right the ring colors are Blue for Europe, Yellow for Asia, Black for Africa, Red for America, and Green for Australia.
- Olympic Motto ‘Citus, Altius, Fortius’ is the Latin motto meaning “Swifter, Higher and Stronger “composed by
- Father Didon in 1897.
- It was introduced as the Olympic motto in 1920 for the first time at the VII Olympic Games held at Antwerp in Belgium.
- The Olympic Mascot is a character, which usually names an animal native to the area or occasionally human figures, who represents the cultural heritage of the place, where the Olympic and Para Olympic Games are taking place.
- Since the 1968 mascot used in the Olympic Games at Winter Olympics in Grenoble, France.
- In the Olympic Games, the first mascot was Misha in the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow.
- The flame of the Olympic Game symbolizes the continuity between ancient and modern games.
- The practice of burning the Olympic flame continued from the ancient Olympic Games in Olympia, Greece.
- It was ignited by the sun and then kept burning until the closing of the Olympic Games.
- The flame first lighted and burned in a giant torch at the entrance of the stadium in the modern Olympics 1928 Games in Amsterdam.
- In 1936, the modern version of the flame was adopted at the Berlin Games.
Olympic champions are rewarded with medals and certificates.
In each event, the first, second & third place players receive Olympic medals: Gold, Silver, And Bronze, respectively.
- Gold Medal: The winning athlete or sportsperson receives a Gold Medal which is 60 mm in diameter and 3 mm thick and is made of 92.5% silver plated with 6 gm gold.
- Silver Medal: Medal is 60 mm in diameter and 3 mm thick and is made of 92.5% silver plated.
- Bronze Medal: Medal is 60 mm in diameter and 3 mm thick and is made of 97.0% copper with 0.5% tin and 2.5% zinc.
Opening & Closing Ceremonies
- During the opening ceremonies, one athlete recites the oath on behalf of all the athletes. The Olympic oath was first taken during the 1920 Olympic Games by Belgian fencer Victor Boin.
- The opening ceremony procession of the Olympic Games always led by the athletes of the Greek team, followed by all the other teams in alphabetical order, except for the last team which is always the team of the hosting country.
- At the closing ceremony raising of the host country’s flag and a performance of its national anthem. Then after the flame is extinguished.
Winter Olympic Game
The first winter Olympic Games were held in 1924 in Chamonix, France.
Olympics: Quick Digest
- ‘Norman Pritchard’ was the first Indian player to participate in Olympics (2nd Olympic Games in 1900) and won two silver medals in athletics.
- Marrie Lila Rao is 1st Indian woman participant in the Olympics.
- India officially participated in the Olympics for the first time in the Sixth Olympic Games (1920) at Antwerp Belgium.
- The Indian Olympic Council (IOC)was established in 1927. Sir Dorabji Tata was its first President.
- Sonia Denancord (Canada) was the 1st woman referee in football in Atlanta Olympics.
- The maximum number of medal winner sportswomen is Larissa Lavyanina (18 medals including 9 Gold Medals).
- The maximum Gold Medal winner sportswoman is Christina Otty. She got 6 Gold Medals in swimming in the Seoul Olympics of 1986.
Important Sports-related GK are:-
- National Sports Award 2020 list PDF Download
- Padma Award Complete Details
- Padma Awards 2021 winners list
VENUE & YEAR OF OLYMPIC GAME
List of Summer Olympic Games Venue are
|IV||1906||Athens||Greece (Games were not recognized by IOC)|
|VII||1916||Games not held due first World war|
|XIII||1940||Games not held due to Second World war|
|XIV||1944||Games not held due to Second World war|
|XXXII||2016||Rio de Janeiro||Brazil|
|XXXIII||2021||Tokyo||Japan(Scheduled From 24th July to 8th August 2021)|
Q.Who is hosting the 2020 Olympics?
Ans -Tokyo city of Japan will be hosting the 2020 Olympics.
Q.Are the 2020 Olympics being held?
Ans-Yes, the 2020 Olympics being held in Tokyo city of Japan from 24th July to 8th August 2021.
Q.When and where the first modern Olympic Games were started?
Ans-The first modern Olympic Games were started in Athens, the capital of Greece on 6th April 1896.
Q. Who was the first Indian player to participate in Olympics?
Ans- ‘Norman Pritchard’ was the first Indian player to participate in Olympic.
Q. Who was the first president of Indian Olympic Council(IOC)?
Ans- Sir Dorabji Tata was its first President of Indian Olympic Council(IOC).
Q. Where Head office of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) was located ?
Ans-The International Olympic Committee (IOC) Head office is located at Lausanne , Switzerland.