Dear Aspirants, Here we provide a details list of Indian Nobel Prize winners which are important current affairs for all competitive examinations.
The Nobel Prizes are given under the will of Alfred Bernhard Nobel, Who died in 1896. He was a noted Swedish chemist and engineer, who discovered Nitroglycerine and its use in the manufacture of dynamite. Nobel Prizes are given each year in the six fields.
In 1901, The Nobel Prizes were started for 5 fields that are Peace, Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, and Literature.
In 1967, The Nobel Prize for Economics was started.
The prize-awarding bodies are –
- The Swedish Academy of Literature awards the Prize in Literature.
- The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences awards the prize in Physics and Chemistry.
- The Nobel Assembly of Karolinska Chirugical (Sweden) awards the prize in Medicine (Physiology).
- The Bank of Sweden awards the Prize in Economics.
- The Committee of the Norwegian Parliament awards the Peace.
Each recipient, or laureate, receives a gold medal, an of diploma, and some money, which depends on the Nobel Foundations; income that year. In 2011, each prize was worth 10 million.
The awards can be given to a maximum of three persons in the same field at the same time.
The awards are presented in Stockholm in an annual ceremony on 10th December, the anniversary of Nobel’s death.
The Nobel Prize was not awarded between 1940 and 1942 due to the outbreak of world war-II.
Indian Nobel Prize winner (Indian citizens)
|1930||C V Raman||Physics||Raman Effect or work on the scattering of light|
|1979||MotherTeresa||Peace||Her work in bringing help to suffering humanity.|
|1998||Amartya Sen||Economics||Welfare Economics|
|2014||Kailash Satyarthi||Peace||“For their struggle against the suppression of children”|
Born in India but live in Foreign:
|1968||Hargobind Khorana(US)||Physiology or Medicine||Genetic Codeand its function in protein synthesis|
|1983||Subramanian Chandrashekhar (US)||Physics||Chandrashekhar’s Limit(structure and evolution of the stars.)|
|2001||VS Naipaul(England)||Literature||outstanding work in an ideal direction|
|2009||Venkatraman Ramakrishna (UK)||Chemistry||For studies of the structure and function of the Ribosomes|
|2019||Abhijit Banerjee(US)||Economic Sciences||For their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty|
Indian citizens or not but during recipient were in India
The following are Nobel laureates who were born in India or were residents in India when they became recipients of the Nobel Prize but were not Indian citizens.
born in Almora, India)
|Physiology or Medicine||For his work on malaria|
born in Bombay, India)
|Literature||the power of observation, originality of imagination, virility of ideas|
|1989||14th Dalai Lama(India)|
born in Taktser, Tibet
|Peace||use of violence in his people’s struggle to regain their liberty|
Posthumous Nobel Prize Winners
From 1974, Nobel Foundation declared that a Prize cannot be awarded posthumously.
|1931||Erik Axel Karlfeldt (Sweden)||Literature|
|1961||Dag Hammarskjold (Sweden)||Peace|
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