Important Waterfall in India: A waterfall is a body of water that flows over a vertical drop or a series of steep drops in the course of a stream or river. It also occurs where meltwater drops over the edge of a tabular iceberg or ice shelf. The process of erosion, the wearing away of earth, plays an important part in the formation of waterfalls.
It is a river or other body of water’s steep fall over a rocky ledge into a plunge pool below. Waterfalls are also called cascades. The process of erosion, the wearing away of earth, plays an important part in the formation of waterfalls. Waterfalls also contribute to erosion.
Other processes that form waterfalls include earthquake, landslide, glacier, or volcanoes which can disrupt the land of a stream bed creating cliffs, cracks, faults, etc.
The tallest waterfall in the world is Angel Falls in Venezuela where the waterfalls 979 m (3,212 ft).
Type of Waterfall
There are many types of waterfalls and it is possible for a waterfall to fit more than one category.
Block (Sheet) waterfalls flow from a wide stream or river, Niagara Falls is a block waterfall.
Cascade waterfalls flow over a series of rock steps, they are usually a safe type of waterfall. It is also one of the more beautiful and gentle types of falls. famous Monkey Falls located in the Indira Gandhi National Park is an example of this waterfall.
Cataract waterfalls are large, powerful and often dangerous. wild cataract fall is the Iguazu River at the Brazil and Argentina border.
Chute waterfalls flows a large amount of water through narrow vertical passages at high pressure. For example, Egan Chute on the York River in Canada.
Fan waterfalls are like the name suggests, as the water descends it spreads out horizontally. Tinago Falls of Philippines is the example of this waterfall.
The Frozen Waterfall is the result of winter freezing the water for the duration of the season. A good example of this type is the Fang Waterfall located in Vail.
Horsetail waterfalls will maintain contact with the bedrock underneath them. The Reichenbach Falls, in Switzerland, is such a waterfall.
- Ledge (Classical, Curtain) waterfalls descend vertically over a cliff maintaining partial contact with the bedrock.
- Multi-step (Tiered or Staircase) waterfalls are a series of waterfalls falling one after the other each with their own plunge pool. The falling lakes of Plitvice Lakes National Park, in Croatia, are an example of multi-step waterfalls.
Many waterfalls around the world are used to generate hydroelectric power.
Plunge waterfalls are fast moving with horizontal thrust over the edge causing the water to completely lose contact with the bedrock, Japan’s Hannoki Falls is an example of this waterfall.
The Punchbowl Waterfall has a wide catch pool at the bottom of the fall of its water. This type of waterfall is mostly tranquil and swimming below it is generally easy. Wailua Falls in Kauai is an example of this waterfall.
Segmented waterfalls form separate flows of water as they descend. The Nigretta Falls in Victoria, Australia, have separate streams that join back up in the pool.
some important waterfalls in India are…
Waterfall Name Place/State Height Barkana Fall Shimoga, Karnataka 850ft Beadon Fall Shillong, Meghalaya 390ft Bishop Fall Shillong, Meghalaya 443ft Bundla Fall Kangra, Himachalpradesh 330ft Chachai Fall Rewa, MP 430ft Dudhasagar Fall karataka, Goa 1020ft Duduma Fall Koraput, Odisha 574ft Gatha Fall Panna, MP 299ft Hebbe Fall chikkamagal, Karnataka 551ft Hundru Fall Ranchi, Jharkhanda 322ft Jog/Gerosoppa Fall Shimoga, Karnataka 830ft Joranda Fall Mayurbhanja, Odisha 515ft Kalhatti Fall Chikkamagal, Karnataka 400ft Kendumari Fall Udupi, Karnataka 299ft Keoti Fall Rewa, MP 430ft Kuntala Fall Nirmal, Telengana 148ft Kiliyur Fall Yeraud, Tamilnadu 299ft Keppa Fall Uttarakann, Karnataka 381ft Khandadhar Fall Sundargarh, Odisha 801ft Koosalli Fall Udupi, Karnataka 381ft Kunchikal fall Shimoga, Karnataka 1493ft Kune Fall Lonavla, Maharashtra 660ft Kynrem Fall Eastkhasi, Meghalaya 1001ft Langshiang Fall Westkhasi, Meghalaya 1106ft Lodh Fall Latehar, Jharkhand 469ft LowerGhaghri Fall Latehar, Jharkhand 322ft Magod Fall Uttarakann, Karnataka 650ft Meenmutty Fall Wayanad, Kelala 980ft MuthyalaMaduvu Bangalore, Karnataka 299ft Nohkalikai Fall Eastkhasi, Meghalaya 1099ft Nohsngithiang Fall Eastkhasi,Meghalaya 1033ft Pandavgad Fall Thane ,Maharashtra 351ft Palani Fall Kullu, Himachalpradesh 490ft Palaruvi Fall Kollam, Kerala 299ft Penchalakona Fall Nellore, Andhrapradesh 719ft Rajatprapat Hoshangaba, MP 351ft Shivasamudra Fall Mysore, Karnataka 322ft Soochipara Fall Wayand, Kerala 660ft Sweet Fall Shillong, Meghalaya 322ft Thalaiyar Fall Dindigul, Tamilnadu 974ft Teerathgarh Fall Bastar, Chhatisgar 299ft Vantawng fall serchhip, Mizoram 719ft