There are Twenty-five (25) Parts of the Indian Constitution which are lists in the constitution that categorize and tabulate bureaucratic activity and government policy.
What is the Constitution?
The Constitution of a country is the living document of laws and provisions for governance. The World’s lengthiest written constitution is the Indian Constitution.
The Constitution of India was framed by a Constituent Assembly set up under the Cabinet Mission Plan, 1946 and it was adopted on November 26, 1949.
- It came into existence on 26 January 1950.
- To frame the Constitution took 2 years 11 months and 18 days.
- At starting the original Constitution had 395 Articles and 8 schedules.
At present, the Indian Constitution contains the following.
- The Preamble
- 25 Parts (Part I to XXII)
- Over 448 Articles
- 12 schedules
- About 103 Amendments
Parts of the Indian Constitution are :
Part-I (Articles 1-4):
- Deals with the territory of India Formation of new states, alterations of names, and areas of existing states.
Part-II (Articles 5-11):
- Deals with various provisions related to
Part-III (Articles 12-35):
- Deals with the Fundamental Rights of Indian citizens.
Part-IV (Articles 36-51):
- Deals with the Directive Principles of State Policy(DPSP).
Part-IV A (Article 51A):
- Added by 42nd Amendment in 1976. It contains the Duties of the citizens.
Part-V (Articles 52-151):
- Deals with Government at the Union Level (Duties and Functions of Prime Minister, Minister, President, Vice- President, Attorney General, Parliament- LokSabha and Rajya Sabha, Comptroller and Auditor-General).
Part-VI (Articles 152-237):
- Deals with Government at State Level(Duties and Functions of Chief Minister and his Ministers, Governor, State Legislature, High Court, Advocate General of the state)
Part-VII (Article 238):
- Deals with states in part B was deleted in 1956 by the 7th
Part-VIII (Articles 239-241):
- Deals with Union Territories.
Part IX(Article 243-243-O) :
- Added by 73rdAmendment in 1992. It contains a new schedule ‘Schedule Eleven’. It contains 29 subjects related to Panchayati Raj. (They have been given administrative powers).
Part IX-A (Article 243P-243- ZG):
- Added by the 74thAmendment act in 1992. It contains a new schedule ‘Schedule Twelve’. It contains 18 subjects related to Municipalities (They have been given administrative powers).
Part- IX B (243-ZH t0 243-ZT):
- Deals with the Co-operative Societies.
Part-X (Articles 244, 244A):
- Deals with Scheduled and Tribal Areas.
Part-Xl (Articles 245-263):
- Deals with the relationship between Union and states.
Part-XII (Articles 264-300A):
- Deals with a distribution of revenue between Union and states, Appointments of finance commission (Article 280), contracts, liabilities, etc.
Part-XIII (Articles 301-307):
- Relates to Trade, Commerce, and Intercourse within the Territory of India.
Pact-XIV (Articles 308-323):
- Deals With Civil Service and Public Service Commission.
Part-XIV A (Articles 323A, 323B):
- Deals with Administrative Tribunals set up by parliament to hear disputes and complaints regarding union, states, or local govt. employees.
Part- XV (Articles 324-329):
- Deals with Elections(including Election Commission).
Part-XVI (Articles 330-342):
- Deals with special provisions for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes and Anglo-Indian Representation.
Part-XVII (Articles 343-351):
- Relates to Official Language.
Part-XVIII (Articles 352-360):
- Deals with Emergency
Part-XIX (Articles 361-367):
Part-XX (Article 368):
- Deals with Amendment of Constitution.
Part-XXI (Article 369-392):
- Contains Temporary, Transitional, and Special Provisions.
Part-XXII (Article 393-395):
- Concerns the short title, commencement, and repeal of the Constitution.
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