Governor General of India list (1833 Act)

Dear Readers, Here I provide all the list of Governor General of India with complete details for Railway NTPC, Group-D, SSC, Banking, State PSU, and all Competitive Examinations. It is one of the important topics in Indian history. Other history topics are Important war/Battle in Indian history, list of Governor-General of Bengal,

Governor-General Of India (1833 Act): Charter Act of 1833 was passed and made lord William Bentinck the first governor-general of India. The Governor-general of India headed the central government of India, which administered the provinces of British India.

list of Governor-General Of India

 

 Lord  William Bentinck (1828-35):

  • He is the most Liberal and enlightened person among all Governor-General of India.
  • He is regarded as the “father of modern western education in India”.
  • Made English, the medium of higher education.
  • Abolition of sati in 1829 and the suppression of thugi in 1830.
  • The first medical college was opened in Calcutta in 1835.
  • According to the charter Act of 1833, he is the first Governor-general of India.
  • Treaty of perpetual friendship with Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1831.
  • Raja of Mysore was deposed and annexation of his territories in 1831.
  • Annexation of cachhar in 1834, Jaintia in 1832, and Coorg in 1843 on the charge of Mal-administrator.
  • Formation of Arga province in 1834.

Sir Charles Metcalfe (1835-36):

  • He is known as the liberator of the press.
  • Abolished all restrictions on the vernacular press through the press Act of 1835.
  • Passed the famous press law, which liberated the press in India.

Lord Auckland (1836-42):

  • First Afghan war (1836-42).
  • Death of Rnjit singh in 1839.

Lord Ellenborough (1842-44):

  • He became the first Governor-general of India to be recalled for defying the orders of the court of Directors of East India company.
  • Abolished “slavery”.
  • Sind was annexed by Charles neapier. He was appointed as the first Governor of sind.

Lord Hardinge(1844-48):

  • He issued orders for the prohibition of female infanticide and suppression of the practice of human sacrifice among the knond tribe of Odisha.
  • First Anglo Sikh war (1845-46) and the treaty of Lahore in 1848.

Lord Dalhousie (1848-56):

  • His real name was James Andrew Ramsay.
  • Introduced the “Doctrine of Lapse” and captured Satara in 1848, Jaitpur and Sambalpur in 1849, Udaipur in 1842, Jhansi in 1853, and Nagpur in 1854 through it.
  • Introduce /opened the 1st Indian Railway in 1853 (from Bombay to thane ).
  • He also opened the “telegraph and the postal system in 1853″.
  • Widow remarriage Act 1856 passed.
  • Abolished title and pensions.
  • All ports in India were declared free.
  • Established 1st engineering college at Roorkee. So he was called the father of technical education.
  • Established a separate public works department in every province.
  • Religious Disabilities Act 1856 was passed.
  • Woods educational Despatch of 1854.
  • Second Anglo-Sikh was (1848-49) and annexation of Panjab.
  • The second Anglo-Burmese was in 1852
  • Santhal uprisings (1855-56).
  • Charter Act of 1853 passed.

Lord Canning (1856-1862):

  • Till 1858, he was Governor-General of India.
  • He was the last Governor-general of India and first  viceroy of India (According to the Government of India Act, 1858)
  • He withdrew Doctrine of lapse.
  • He opened the universities of Calcutta, Bombay, and madras in 1857.
  • Passed the Act of 1858, which ended the rule of east India Company.
  • Income tax was introduced for the first time in 1858 by Sir James Wilson.
  • High courts were established at Calcutta, Bombay, and madras in 1862.
  • Indian councils Act 1861 passed.
  • The Indian penal code 1859 was passed.

FAQ Governor-General of India

Q. Who is the first Governor-General of India?

Ans-According to Charter Act 1833  Lord  William Bentinck is the first Governor-General of India.

Q. Who stopped the Sati system in India?

Ans- With help of Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Lord William Bentick abolished the Sati system in 1829.

Q. When was Sati Pratha abolished?

 Ans- In 1829 Sati Pratha was abolished.

Q. Who known as the father of modern western education in India”?

  Ans- Lord  William Bentinck is known as the “father of modern western education in India”

Q. When the first medical college opened in India?

Ans-The first medical college was opened in Calcutta in 1835.

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